Let us see what landfills are, their criteria of construction, their structure, their causes and effects. We shall also discuss a few facts specifically about landfills in North Carolina and Kannapolis. We have already seen that Landfill is a main cause of greenhouse effect and of greenhouse gases.
As landfills are waste disposal systems where the waste is burnt or buried, they release a large quantity of carbon. Modern landfills are well-engineered and managed facilities for the disposal of solid waste. Landfills are located, designed, operated and monitored to ensure compliance with federal regulations.
Landfill sites can become home to rats and other scavengers that carry diseases affecting humans, which is another health risk they pose. But other effects include problems with air pollution and toxic chemicals leeching into the water table. Land pollution is the contamination of the Earth’s land surface and it is a serious problem. Resulting from human activities, land pollution results in an imbalance in nature that exposes the land to harmful chemicals and depletes the quality of soil, one of the Earth’s most important elements for sustaining life.
On the other hand the most serious form of water pollution from landfills is direct leachate contamination, considered a major environmental and human-health hazard. Land pollution occurs when liquid or solid waste materials are being disposed either on the land surface or buried underground. If that in some way contaminates the soil or imposes threat to the health of the people nearby, that means the land has been polluted.
The waste materials in landfills may even ignite sometimes, which occurs mostly when the landfill is uncovered and when decomposition generates enough heat for the garbage to start burning, causing landfill fires. According to the 2001 report of the US Fire Administration, there are around 8300 such fires a year in the USA.
North Carolina andfills of solid waste are abundant sources of groundwater pollution. The potential for generating strongly contaminated leachate from landfill waste is very substantial. Even for small landfills the timescale can be measured in decades or centuries. This indicates that waste dumps with no measures to control leachate entrance into the groundwater may constitute a source of groundwater pollution. EPA relies on the community to let us know about pollution and environmental hazards.
What is integrated” solid waste management? This is an approach that includes a combination of waste prevention, waste reduction and disposal techniques to manage the problem of municipal solid waste. When we reduce, reuse, recycle and compost waste materials, less waste ends up in landfills. North Carolina dumpster rentals enable residents to properly discard their garbage and waste materials to the landfills.
The new landfills are outfitted to prevent air and water pollution and limit the spread of disease by scavengers. Although the new landfills provide better controls against air and water pollution as well as an alternate source of municipal income, they are not entirely problem-free.
Some experts believe the new landfill technology has not been properly tested and will therefore not provide the security people are aining for. Landfill levies create an incentive for waste generators to investigate ways to reduce the amount of waste they generate and dispose of to landfill. From July 2015 the municipal and industrial rates are based on fee units, as set out in Schedule DA of the Environment Protection Act 1970.